شنبه, 03 فروردين 1392 ساعت 08:14

ECT=Electroconvulsive Therapy

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What Is ECT?

ECT is a form of treatment for certain severe psychiatric disorders that involves using electrical shock. In ECT, a physician applies a mild electrical shock (20 to 30 milliamps) to each side of the patient's skull near the area of the temples

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The procedure is done under anesthesia * , and the patient is monitored carefully. The shock is applied until the patient experiences a tonic-clonic seizure * . Normally, this would produce strong muscle contractions, causing the body to thrash about. However, the patient also is given a medication to relax the muscles, which prevents this kind of whole-body response. Instead, the seizure occurs just within the brain, where it lasts for a minute or so

How Does ECT Work?

Scientists do not know for sure how ECT works, although research now is being done to find answers to this question. Most of the research is focused on ECT's effect on part of the brain called the hypothalamus * , which, among its many functions, regulates emotional expression and controls the endocrine glands. Changes in endocrine * function are often seen after ECT treatments